Category: History

LEADERSHIP IN WAR

Winston Churchill had no doubts about the importance of studying history: ‘In history lie all the secrets of statecraft.’ This includes its subset, leadership in war. Great war leaders, as Andrew Roberts points out in Leadership in War (2019),1 drawing on the examples of their predecessors, have the ability to

REFLECTIONS ON ‘A NATION DISMEMBERED’

“But obligations are reciprocal. Those who gained at Trianon have obligations as well. Their obligation is to shape countries with an absolute minimum of injustice so that they can ask for loyalty from the citizens placed wholesale under their sovereignty without asking that they surrender their souls too.” We are

THE ROLE OF THE UNITED STATES IN HUNGARY’S TRIANON TRAGEDY

“The extremely influential pan-Slavic movement and the idea of dismantling Austria–Hungary emerged in Cleveland and Pittsburgh after a long period of Germanization in the nineteenth century, while the quasi-declaration of independence of the Czech–Slovak Republic appeared in New York City and Washington, DC, well before the dramatic political events unfolded

WISHFUL THINKING REVISITED: GÉZA JESZENSZKY’S ‘LOST PRESTIGE’

On my bookshelves there are already two copies of Lost Prestige: the 1986 edition, a little blue book, which back then was a real eye-opener for an MA student in History and English, and the 1994-second edition, a presentation copy, which was a book of great value for my dissertation.

REDEFINING THE CONCEPT OF THE HUNGARIAN NATION – PART I

In the past thirty years, the concept of nation has been redefined in Central and Eastern, as well as in Western Europe. In Central and Eastern Europe, the nation was reconstructed along ethnic lines as a revival of ethnic identity took place following the collapse of Communism. These countries aimed

IN THE NAME OF DEMOCRACY – US COLD WAR POLICY IN THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE

After the Second World War, the power of the United States and its commitment to world politics took on unprecedented proportions. The foreign policy moves of the superpower came to be determined by Cold War considerations, and its foreign policy in the Western Hemisphere was no exception. From the Act

POPE JOHN PAUL II AND THE THEOLOGY OF THE NATION

The year 2020 marks the centennial of John Paul II, the 100th birthday of Karol Wojtyła, future Pope, poet, Polish patriot and saint. He was born in a Poland where Mary was revered as the Eternal Mother and the regnant Queen, and the love of country was a function of