GYULA ILLYÉS (1902–1983) poet and novelist. Worked and studied in Paris between 1920–1926, and became connected with the Surrealist poets and artists. Back in Hungary, in the 1930s, he was invited to work on the literary magazine Nyugat (The West) by the editor-in-chief, the famous poet and writer, Mihály Babits. Anti-Nazi, a leader of the National Peasant Party, the Communists tried to win Illyés for their cause after the Second World War in vain. His secretly written poem from 1950, “One Sentence on Tyranny”, became the emblematic work of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, but banned in Hungary until the late 1980s. Returning to publication in 1961, Illyés lived to a productive and successful old age, renewing his poetry, writing dramas, translations and essays.